Review of Summer Assignment/Previous Courses
§ Chemistry (Atoms, Ions, Chemical Bonds/Compounds, Water, pH)
§ Biochemistry (Macromolecule Structure and Function, Enzymes)
§ Cellular Biology (Cellular structure and function, organelle structure and function
§ Scientific Method and Lab Reports
§ Lab/Activity: Scientific Method, Cellular Transport, pH, Buffers and Enzymes
Content Standard .1b – enzymes are proteins and catalyze biochemical reactions without altering the reaction equilibrium. The activity of enzymes depends on the temperature, ionic conditions and pH of the surroundings.
Content Standard .1h – most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and organisms are synthesized from a small collection of simple precursors.
Content Standard 1a – cells are enclosed within semi-permeable membranes that regulate their interaction with their surroundings.
Content Standard 1e – the role of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus in secretion of proteins.
Content Standard 1j – how eukaryotic cells are given shape and internal organization by a cytoskeleton
Content Standard 5a – the general structures and functions of DNA, RNA, and the cell cycle and protein synthesis.
Introduction to Anatomy
§ Body plan
§ Directional terms
§ Characteristics of life
§ Homeostasis and feedback
§ Health and Disease
§ Lab/Activity: The Language of Anatomy, Organ Systems Overview, Homeostasis
§ Video: Homeostasis: Feedback Model
Content Standard 9 As a result of the coordinated structures and functions of organ systems, the internal environment of the human body remains relatively stable (homeostatic) despite changes in the outside environment. As a basis for understanding this concept
Content Standard 9a Students know how the complementary activity of major body systems provides cells with oxygen and nutrients and removes toxic waste products such as carbon dioxide.
Tissues: The tissues will be infused into the various body systems throughout the course; as opposed to a single unit on histology.
§ Epithelial tissue
§ Connective tissue
§ Muscle tissue
§ Nerve tissue
§ Lab/Activity: Classification of Tissues- Microscope Labs, Chicken Wing Dissection
§ Accessory organs
§ Lab: The Integumentary System
§ Video: Video Dissection of The Skin
§ Lab/Activity: Fingerprinting, Skin Structures- Micro and Macroscopic, UV Radiation
Content Standard 10a – the role of the skin in providing nonspecific defenses against infection.
§ Bone structure
§ Bone development and growth
§ Organization of the skeleton: General, Axial and Appendicular
§ Lab/Activity: Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones, Bone Markings and Cartilages, Bone Histology, The Axial Skeleton, Skull Ancestry and Gender, The Appendicular Skeleton, Make Your Own Skeleton
§ Video: The Musculoskeletal System
§ Bone joint structure, actions and functional categories
§ Lab/Activity: Virtual Knee Surgery
§ Muscle Gross and Ultra structure
§ Physiology of muscle contraction
§ Muscles of the Body- location, appearance, function, origin and insertion
§ Lab/Activity: Muscle Physiology Animations, Muscle Phsyiology Graphic Organizer, Microscopic Anatomy, Organization, and Classification of skeletal muscle, Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System (Dissection and Identification of Cat Muscles), Human Body Poster
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Muscular System
Content Standard 9h – the cellular and molecular basis of muscle contraction, including the roles of actin, myosin, Ca+2, and ATP.
§ Divisions of the Nervous System
§ Neuron Structure and Physiology and Glial Cells
§ Functional Regions of the Brain
§ Structure and Function of the Spinal Cord
§ Protection, Injury and Homeostatic Imbalances of the CNS
§ PNS and Cranial Nerves
§ Senses and Reflexes
§ Lab/Activity: Nerve Physiology Animations Gross Anatomy of the Brain- Model of a Brain, Human Reflex Physiology, Test Your Senses
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Nervous System
Content Standards 9 b. Students know how the nervous system mediates communication between different parts of the body and the body's interactions with the environment.
Content Standard 9c. Students know how feedback loops in the nervous and endocrine systems regulate conditions in the body.
Content Standard 9d. Students know the functions of the nervous system and the role of neurons in transmitting electrochemical impulses.
Content Standard 9e. Students know the roles of sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons in sensation, thought, and response.
§ The Heart- Structures and Functions
§ The Blood Vessels- Structures and Functions
§ Cardiovascular Physiology
§ Lab/Activity: Anatomy of the Heart w/Sheep or Pig heart dissection, Anatomy of the Blood Vessels + Dissection of the Blood Vessels of the Cat
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Cardiovascular System
§ Characteristics of Blood
§ Blood Cells
§ Lymphatic Network
§ Human Disease Defense Mechanisms
§ Lab/Activity: Blood Typing, Lab: HIV E.L.I.S.A Simulation
Content Standard 10. Organisms have a variety of mechanisms to combat disease. As a basis for understanding the human immune response
b. Students know the role of antibodies in the body's response to infection.
c. Students know how vaccination protects an individual from infectious diseases.
d. Students know there are important differences between bacteria and viruses with respect to their requirements for growth and replication, the body's primary defenses against bacterial and viral infections, and effective treatments of these infections.
e. Students know why an individual with a compromised immune system (for example, a person with AIDS) may be unable to fight off and survive infections by microorganisms that are usually benign.
f.* Students know the roles of phagocytes, B-lymphocytes, and T-lymphocytes in the immune system.
§ Organs of the Respiratory System
§ Respirator Physiology & Mechanics of Breathing
§ Lab: Anatomy of the Respiratory System +Dissection of the Respiratory System of the Cat
§ Lab/Activity: Respiratory System Physiology w/ wet and dry spirometer
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Respiratory System
§ Digestive Organs and Digestive Processes
§ Lab/Activity: Anatomy of the Digestive System + Dissection of the Digestive System of the Cat
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Digestive System
Content Standard f.* Students know the individual functions and sites of secretion of digestive enzymes (amylases, proteases, nucleases, lipases), stomach acid, and bile salts.
§ Kidney Structure & Kidney Physiology
§ Lab: Anatomy of the Urinary System + Dissection of the Urinary System of the Cat
§ Endocrine Glands
§ Hormones & Cell Signaling
§ Lab/Activity: Anatomy and Basic Function of the Endocrine Glands + Dissection of Selected Endocrine Organs of the Cat
Content Standard 9i.* Students know how hormones (including digestive, reproductive, osmoregulatory) provide internal feedback mechanisms for homeostasis at the cellular level and in whole organisms.
Reproductive System & Development
§ Organs of Male Reproduction
§ Physiology of Male Reproduction
§ Organs of Female Reproduction
§ Physiology of Female Reproduction
§ Lab/Activity: Organs of the Reproductive system (Cat)
§ Video: Video Dissection of: The Reproductive System