HAP Course Outline


Review of Summer Assignment/Previous Courses

         Chemistry (Atoms, Ions, Chemical Bonds/Compounds,  Water, pH)

         Biochemistry (Macromolecule Structure and Function, Enzymes)

                   Cellular Biology (Cellular structure and function, organelle structure and function

         Scientific Method and Lab Reports

                   Lab/Activity: Scientific Method, Cellular Transport, pH, Buffers and Enzymes

     Content Standard .1b enzymes are proteins and catalyze biochemical reactions without altering the reaction equilibrium.  The activity of enzymes depends on the temperature, ionic conditions and pH of the surroundings.

     Content Standard .1h most macromolecules (polysaccharides, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids) in cells and organisms are synthesized from a small collection of simple precursors.

     Content Standard 1a cells are enclosed within semi-permeable membranes that regulate their interaction with their surroundings.

     Content Standard 1e the role of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus in secretion of proteins.

       Content Standard 1j how eukaryotic cells are given shape and internal organization by a cytoskeleton

        Content Standard 5a the general structures and functions of DNA, RNA, and the cell cycle and protein synthesis.

Introduction to Anatomy

                   Body plan

         Directional terms

         Characteristics of life

         Homeostasis and feedback

         Health and Disease

         Lab/Activity: The Language of Anatomy, Organ Systems Overview,  Homeostasis

         Video: Homeostasis: Feedback Model

Content Standard 9  As a result of the coordinated structures and functions of organ systems, the internal environment of the human body remains relatively stable (homeostatic) despite changes in the outside environment. As a basis for understanding this concept

Content Standard 9a Students know how the complementary activity of major body systems provides cells with oxygen and nutrients and removes toxic waste products such as carbon dioxide.          

 Tissues:  The tissues will be infused into the various body systems throughout the course; as opposed to a single unit on histology.

         Epithelial tissue

         Connective tissue

         Muscle tissue

         Nerve tissue


         Lab/Activity:  Classification of Tissues- Microscope Labs, Chicken Wing Dissection

Integumentary System


         Accessory organs

         Lab: The Integumentary System

        Video: Video Dissection of The Skin

         Lab/Activity: Fingerprinting, Skin Structures- Micro and Macroscopic, UV Radiation

       Content Standard 10a the role of the skin in providing nonspecific defenses against infection.  

Skeletal System 

        Bone structure

        Bone development and growth

        Organization of the skeleton: General, Axial and Appendicular


     Lab/Activity: Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones, Bone Markings and Cartilages, Bone Histology, The Axial Skeleton, Skull Ancestry and Gender, The Appendicular Skeleton, Make Your Own Skeleton

    Video: The Musculoskeletal System 

Bone Articulations

                   Bone joint structure, actions and functional categories

                   Lab/Activity: Virtual Knee Surgery

Muscular System

         Muscle Gross and Ultra structure

         Physiology of muscle contraction

         Muscles of the Body- location, appearance, function, origin and insertion

        Lab/Activity: Muscle Physiology Animations, Muscle Phsyiology Graphic Organizer, Microscopic Anatomy, Organization, and Classification of skeletal muscle, Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System (Dissection and Identification of Cat Muscles), Human Body Poster

    Video: Video Dissection of: The Muscular System 

      Content Standard 9h the cellular and molecular basis of muscle contraction, including the roles of actin, myosin, Ca+2, and ATP.  





Nervous System 

         Divisions of the Nervous System

         Neuron Structure and Physiology and Glial Cells

         Functional Regions of the Brain

         Structure and Function of the Spinal Cord

         Protection, Injury and Homeostatic Imbalances of the CNS

         PNS and Cranial Nerves

         Senses and Reflexes

     Lab/Activity: Nerve Physiology Animations Gross Anatomy of the Brain- Model of a Brain, Human Reflex Physiology, Test Your Senses 

    Video: Video Dissection of: The Nervous System 

     Content Standards 9 b. Students know how the nervous system mediates communication between different parts of the body and the body's interactions with the environment.

        Content Standard 9c. Students know how feedback loops in the nervous and endocrine systems regulate conditions in the body.

     Content Standard 9d. Students know the functions of the nervous system and the role of neurons in transmitting electrochemical impulses.

      Content Standard 9e. Students know the roles of sensory neurons, interneurons, and motor neurons in sensation, thought, and response.


 Cardiovascular System  

         The Heart- Structures and Functions

         The Blood Vessels- Structures and Functions

         Cardiovascular Physiology

       Lab/Activity: Anatomy of the Heart w/Sheep or Pig heart dissection, Anatomy of the  Blood Vessels + Dissection of the Blood Vessels of the Cat

    Video: Video Dissection of: The Cardiovascular System 

Blood, Lymphatic and Immune System 

         Characteristics of Blood

         Blood Cells

         Lymphatic Network

         Human Disease Defense Mechanisms

         Lab/Activity:  Blood Typing,  Lab: HIV E.L.I.S.A Simulation

        Content Standard 10. Organisms have a variety of mechanisms to combat disease. As a basis for understanding the human immune response

         b. Students know the role of antibodies in the body's response to infection.

         c. Students know how vaccination protects an individual from infectious diseases.

         d. Students know there are important differences between bacteria and viruses with respect to their requirements for growth and replication, the body's primary defenses against bacterial and viral infections, and effective treatments of these infections.

         e. Students know why an individual with a compromised immune system (for example, a person with AIDS) may be unable to fight off and survive infections by microorganisms that are usually benign.

       f.* Students know the roles of phagocytes, B-lymphocytes, and T-lymphocytes in the immune system.

Respiratory System 

         Organs of the Respiratory System

         Respirator Physiology  &    Mechanics of Breathing

         Lab: Anatomy of the Respiratory System +Dissection of the Respiratory System of the Cat

         Lab/Activity: Respiratory System Physiology w/ wet and dry spirometer

         Video: Video Dissection of: The Respiratory System 


Digestive System  




          Digestive Organs and Digestive Processes

         Lab/Activity: Anatomy of the Digestive System + Dissection of the Digestive System of the Cat

         Video: Video Dissection of: The Digestive System 

Content Standard f.* Students know the individual functions and sites of secretion of digestive enzymes (amylases, proteases, nucleases, lipases), stomach acid, and bile salts.  

 Urinary System

         Kidney Structure & Kidney Physiology

         Lab: Anatomy of the Urinary System + Dissection of the Urinary System of the Cat

 Endocrine System 

         Endocrine Glands

         Hormones & Cell Signaling

         Lab/Activity: Anatomy and Basic Function of the Endocrine Glands + Dissection of Selected Endocrine Organs of the Cat

       Content Standard 9i.* Students know how hormones (including digestive, reproductive, osmoregulatory) provide internal feedback mechanisms for homeostasis at the cellular level and in whole organisms.  

Reproductive System  & Development

         Organs of Male Reproduction

         Physiology of Male Reproduction

         Organs of Female Reproduction

         Physiology of Female Reproduction

         Lab/Activity:  Organs of the Reproductive system (Cat)

         Video: Video Dissection of: The Reproductive System