Honors Anatomy & Physiology

San Ramon Valley High School


Welcome to Honors Anatomy and Physiology (HAP) and the new school year! HAP is a course designed for the most motivated life science student; one that might be leaning toward a career in a health related field such as physician, nurse, EMT, veterinarian, sports MD, physical therapist, etc. This is an honors level lab science course that covers anatomy with emphasis on the physiology of human systems. It is a course designed to introduce the basic concepts and go into some depth in many of the body systems and result in the student being more informed, able to understand the intricacies of his/her own body, and hopefully able to apply this information to future studies in health related college courses. Themes including: the hierarchy of organization, homeostasis, and structure and its relation to function will be highlighted throughout the course.  A minimum of 55% laboratory time (including pre and post lab) is devoted to gross and microscopic anatomy and physiochemical lab investigations. Each system of study is accompanied by histological examination, gross dissection (cat and other large animal organs) and or interactive labs and lab demonstrations.  Associated pathologies for each system will be studied. Participation in lab dissections is a required portion of this course. The National Association of Biology Teacher's policy on animal dissection can be obtained at the following web site: (http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=97)


Instructor Name and Contact Information

Instructor Name: Mrs. Angela Tomada

Email: atomada@srvusd.net

Website: http://www.srvhs.org/Staff/teachers/ATomada/index.htm

Office Hours: Mondays during A Period and from 3:10-4:10PM

·        For make-up labs, dissection and exams, additional support in understanding anatomical and physiological concepts, and discussing grades.


Grade level




“B” or above in Biology, Algebra and Chemistry (or "C" or above in Honors Chemistry). Obtain approval signature of Chemistry teacher.

Recommendations for proper placement: Grade of "B" or above in grade level English and Math Course, and proficient or advanced STAR scores in Biology and Chemistry. 



One year (2 Semesters)


 San Ramon Valley Unified School District Course Description and Outline- Honors Anatomy and Physiology Grades 11-12


Human Anatomy & Physiology- Maried and Hoehn



Course Description:

(11-12) Honors Anatomy & Physiology consists of a faster pace and more in-depth study of the topics covered in regular Anatomy & Physiology. Each major organ system (biochemistry and histology) will be studied in depth through a variety of activities, with a heavy emphasis on gross anatomy dissection and laboratory experiments. This course is recommended for students interested in a science or health-related field such as medicine, nursing, physical therapy, exercise physiology, kinesiology, sports medicine, and veterinary science.


Prerequisite: Completion of Biology and Chemistry with a B. (C or better for Honors Chemistry).

College Requirement Satisfied:

CSU/UC: “d”

California Standards Covered in this Course:

Honors Anatomy and Physiology does not have official state or federal standards, but does follow the California State Science Standards for Investigation and Experimentation as well as applicable California State Science Standards for Biology/Life Science (a full description of the Standards can be accessed at: http://www.cde.ca.gov/be/st/ss/documents/sciencestnd.pdf).

Emphasis in this course is on the skills identified in the course outline below.

Course Outline (Skills Taught):

   Investigation and Experimentation

·        Develop meaningful questions and conduct careful investigations.

·        Select and use appropriate tools and technology to perform tests, collect data, analyze relationships, and display data.

·        Microscopy, Tools in Biotechnology, Graphing through computer based spreadsheets

·        Analyze the experiment in order to identify potential sources of error. Formulate ideas to minimize uncontrolled variables.

   Scientific Process

·        Formulate hypotheses, differentiate between types of variables, distinguish between hypothesis and theory

·        Scientific knowledge is distinct from other disciplines. It is based on repeatability, testability, and observable evidence from the physical and natural world. Science constantly evolves as new information emerges.

   Chemistry of Life *Review over the summer

·        Knowledge of basic chemistry for understanding biology (chemical bonds, water and pH)

·        Review of organic molecules (marcomolecules and enzymes).

Cell Anatomy and Physiology *Review over the summer

·        Identifying key cellular structures, including all organelles, and their functions

   Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

·        Differentiating between the disciplines of anatomy and physiology and analyzing their relationships

·        Describe the levels of organization in the human body

·        Identifying the basic characteristics and necessities for life

·        Understand that actions of all human body systems work together to promote

·        homeostasis and combat disease

·        Analyze feedback models their and relationship to health and disease

·        Applying regional and directional terms to the body of the quadruped and biped and differentiating terms between the two types of organisms

·        Understanding the basic human body plan including planes, cavities, membranes, and abdominopelvic quadrants and regions.


·        Differentiating between types of epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue; understanding the functions and locations of each; and analyzing the relationship between their structural and functional characteristics. Emphasis in on epithelial and connective tissues as they will be seen in every body system, muscle and nervous tissue will review more attention in their appropriate units.

·        Analyzing membranes

·        Describe steps in tissue repair

Integumentary System

·        Identify layers and structures of the skin as well as accessory organs

·        Describe functions of skin, individual skin cells, and accessory organs and their roles in cooperation  with other body systems

·        Understand the effects of burns and skin cancer

Skeletal System

·        Identify microscopic and macroscopic anatomy of bone and basic bone structures and functions of the skeletal system

·        Identify microscopic anatomy of different cartilage types and identify their locations in the skeleton

·        Outline the processes of bone and cartilage development, growth and repair, and the physiological functions of bone and cartilage cells

·        Understanding the organization of the skeleton, general, axial and appendicular

·        Identify the 206 official bones of the axial and appendicular skeletons as well as select bone markings on them

·        Identify the different structural and functional classes of articulations between bones

·        Identify the structural components of a synovial joint

·        Examine key synovial joints of the body

Muscular System

·        Identify microscopic and macroscopic anatomy of muscles and muscle tissue

·        Describe physiology of muscle contraction and physiological pathways muscle cells use to make ATP and the differences between different fiber types

·        Identify select muscles of the human body (approximately 90) as well as their functions and origin and insertion of select muscles

·        Identify homologous muscles on a quadruped dissection specimen

·        Contrast differences between muscles of quadruped dissection specimen and biped model

Nervous System

·        Differentiate between divisions of the nervous system

·        Identify important structural components of neurons

·        Differentiate between glial cells of the central and peripheral nervous system

·        Describe physiology of nerve impulse and differentiate between graded and action potentials

·        Identify select structural and function regions of the brain and spinal cord and identify them on a human model

·        Identify function of cranial nerves

·        Understand basics of peripheral nerves and reflexes (Optional: Identify peripheral nerves in a human model and/or a quadruped dissection specimen)

·        Identify sensory functions and basic information regarding special sense structures

·        Analyze the effects of neurotransmitters and drugs on the nervous system

     Circulatory System

·        Explain the physiological events involved in heart contractions and identify the cells and fibers involved

·        Locate major structures of the heart, on a human model and a quadruped dissection specimen

·        Follow the flow of blood through the heart and major vessels bringing blood to and from the heart

·        Locate major blood vessels of the blood, on a human model and a quadruped dissection specimen, and contrast the differences between the two

·        Differentiate between different blood vessels, structurally and functionally

·        Identify characteristics of blood

·        Understand functions of different blood cells and plasma proteins

·        Understand the relationship between blood types (ABO-Rh), and agglutinogens and agglutinens

Lymphatic and Immune Systems

·        Understand the functions of the lymphatic system and lymph nodes

·        Describe the network of the lymphatic system and where major lymphatic ducts are located

·        Analyze the difference between specific and nonspecific defenses of the body

·        Describe the 3 lines of defense of the human immune system and the functions of all cells and proteins involved

·        Understand the processes of acquired immunity

Respiratory System

·        Follow the flow of air in and out of the organs of the respiratory system

·        Identify organs of the respiratory system in a human model and a quadruped dissection specimen and analyze the differences between the two

·        Identify functions of each organ involved in the process of breathing

·        Differentiate between breathing, external respiration, internal respiration and cellular respiration

·        Identify functional volumes of the lungs and alveoli and understand the mechanics of breathing

Digestive System

·        Identify major nutrients needed to support life and the importance of each

·        Follow the flow of food through the organs of the digestive system

·        Identify organs of the digestive system (tract and accessory) in a human model and a quadruped dissection specimen

·        Identify functions of each organ involved in the process of digestion and differentiate between mechanical digestion, chemical digestion and nutrient absorption

   Excretory/Urinary System (Optional)

·        Describe macro and microscopic anatomy of the kidney

·        Describe microscopic anatomy and the physiological functions of each region of the nephron

·        Identify organs of the excretory system in a human model and a quadruped dissection specimen

   Endocrine System (Optional)

·        Identify major endocrine glands and their secretions

·        Discuss functions of select hormones and cell signaling

   Reproduction System (Optional)

·        Identify organs of male and female reproduction on human models and the selected sex on a quadruped dissection specimen

·        Describe the physiological events of male reproduction

·        Describe the physiological events of female reproduction, including hormonal signals involved with fertilization and fetal development

   Forensic Science (Optional)

·        Formulate probably explanations to virtual life situations based on the evidence provided and acquired knowledge of the human body

ELA/History/Other Science Tie-In

·        Analyze situations and solve problems that require combining and applying concepts from more than one area of science.

·        Reading for technical content, central ideas, biases, following multi-step procedures, and decoding words and symbols.

·        Support or refute hypotheses based on data and evidence

·        Writing structured technical reports

·        Using accepted conventions of grammar

·         Use technology to gather relevant information from multiple sources and use proper citation techniques to avoid plagiarism



Provided: Textbook:  Human Anatomy & Physiology, by Elaine N. Marieb.  Replacement cost $198.00, Replacement cost of the textbook CD ROM $18.00

 Lab equipment, materials and specimens including dissection kit. Replacement cost of the dissection kit $20.00 including tax and shipping

Laboratory CD- replacement cost $5 or burn a new one from Ms. T’s master copy

Suggested: Anatomy Coloring Workbook 3rd edition  by I. Edward Alcamo, Ph.D. ~$19.00  You may purchase this book at Rakestraw Books on Hartz Ave in Danville or online: 1/2" ring binder with pockets front/back and separate sections for handouts, homework and class work, and quizzes and tests

Lab notebook (bound) (First one will be provided)

Red, blue, and black ink pens, highlighter, colored pencils, #2 pencils 

1 box of 75 Quilter's ' T ' pins nickel-plated steel size 20 - 1 1/4" (31 mm) in length per group.  *WallMart, JoAnne's Fabrics

1 box of latex or nitrile surgical gloves per student

You need the following materials available at home:  Computer, printer, internet access w/ email set up to receive attachments and group email, stapler, hole punch


It is impossible to replicate the science lab experience with paper and pencil activities. Parents and students are strongly encouraged to plan family vacations, doctor's appointments, and other social activities for times when it will not adversely affect a student's educational progress. You are encouraged to e-mail me or contact a classmate when you are absent to get an update on the material you may have missed. Check the web page calendar and additionally check your email for messages from me.  See the Lab make-up Policy.

You are expected to come to class every day, on time and prepared. You will be considered tardy if you are not in the room, in your seat, and on task when the bell rings. Attendance will affect your participation grade.

After three excused absences or tardies, 1 point will be deducted from your participation grade for each additional excused absence or tardy. You will be allowed to make up work for excused absences within two days of the absence.

Each unexcused tardy will deduct 1 point from your grade. Each unexcused absence will deduct 3 point from your grade. No make-up work will be allowed for unexcused tardies and absences. Excessive unexcused absences or tardies will be reported to administration and the school truancy policy will be enforced (check your student handbook for disciplinary details regarding excessive unexcused absences or tardies)


PEAPOD- Peer Educational Assistant Providing Organization & Direction

          When you miss a class, another classmate will collect handouts and write down assignments for you and place them in a folder in the front of the classroom. If you “PEAPOD” for someone else you will receive 1 point for your participation grade.

          NOTE: This is a great way to earn back participation points if you have been tardy, absent or disruptive in class!


Classroom Rules

1.       BE SAFE! (Review your lab behavior and safety rules)

2.     BE RESPECTFUL AND RESPONSIBLE (Review your classroom etiquette and academic responsibility)

     a. " District policy states that harassment in or out of the classroom is not to be tolerated. Harassment based on race, ethnicity, able-bodiedness, sexuality, perceived sexuality, gender, gender expression, monetary standing, religion or faith-base, or any other factor will be reported to the administration and dealt with accordingly. This includes slang such as “that’s so gay” or “that’s retarded.” Both are considered hate speech. "

3.     Be on time and prepared for class

4.     No gum, food or drink

5.     No hats or hoods during laboratory investigations or testing

6.     No electronics (all cellular devices must be turned off upon entering class, failure to do so will result in an AM detention and possible removal from the course without credit). 



Methods of Evaluation for Determining Grades

Points will be weighted in the following categories:

40% Standard assessments (quizzes, projects, etc.)

20% Midterm/Final

25% Lab Work (participation and lab reports)

10% Homework and Classwork

5% Participation

          50 points of classroom participation will be given automatically. 3 points will be lost each time a classroom rule is broken. Participation points may also be lost due to poor attendance, or earned using the PEAPOD system (see above under the Attendance and PEAPOD sections of the syllabus).

For all lab work, every member of a lab group will receive half credit on reports if lab stations are not left EXACTLY as they are found (materials cleaned up and put in appropriate locations, lab manuals stacked in numerical order, etc) and groups will receive no credit on reports if any materials are missing.

Late work is accepted up to two weeks after the due date for half credit.



Percentages            Letter Grade                   Percentages            Letter Grade

94 - 100%                                 A                              74 - 76%                              C

90 - 93%                                 A-                             70 - 73%                    C-

87 - 89%                        B+                             68 - 69%                     D+

84 - 86%                        B                               62 - 67%                    D

80 - 83%                        B-                             58 - 61%                     D-

77 - 79%                        C+                             0   - 57%                     F


Course Objectives

  1. The student is expected to develop the capacity for critical thinking, abstraction, and concept integration, within the framework of interpretation and application of real world information.
  2. Use the scientific inquiry method as a problem-solving tool.  Inferring function from observation of structure.
  3. Understand the language of anatomy involving anatomical position and related directional terms, planes, regions, cavities, and membranes.
  4. Understand the basic organic chemistry of the living organism, including chemical bonding and chemical reactions relative to enzymatic reactions and pH.
  5. Understand the complex structure and physiological functions of cells and tissues including the developmental and aging aspects of cells and tissues.
  6. Understand the relationship between anatomy and physiology, the levels of structural organization, and the detailed anatomy & physiology of each of the 12 major body systems that are needed for maintaining life and homeostasis



In addition to meeting the one-year (10 unit) life science graduation requirement, this course fulfills the University of California and California State University entrance requirements for laboratory science.


Academic Honesty

Take pride in your work and encourage others to do so as well.  Cheating, copying, academic theft or dishonesty and plagiarism, will not be tolerated and will result in a zero for the assignment, lab, or test for ALL STUDENTS INVOLVED. Subsequent offenses will lead to removal from the course with a zero and possible suspension or expulsion. No talking is permitted during tests or quizzes, unless it is a partner or group assignment. Note on plagiarism: in the science community we share information and resources with each other, but we always cite our references. Be sure to include citations and reference pages on appropriate projects.